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There are various personality disorders in a human being. One of the disorders is a dissociative personality disorder. In this order, a person assumes multiple personalities at different times. A person has multiple identities. Each identity has its traits and behaviors. His behavior varies according to the situation. In common use, people called it Split Personality Disorder. In the language of Psychology, it is called Dissociative Personality Disorder is the correct term.
Symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder
The foremost symptom is that persons alter their personality. Sometimes a person has 100 altercations in his personality. All the altars are quite different from each other. In this case when a person shifts from one personality to another his body language changes. Sometimes he adopts completely different habits. A person may experience long memory gaps including loss of memory and forgetting the daily activities of life.
Other common symptoms include
- Feeling disconnected from the world and its surroundings
- Delusion and experiencing a state like a trance
- Sleep disorder
- Mood swings
- Eating disorders
- Involving in a behavior that is unusual for the other person
- Suicidal thoughts
According to one research, more than 65% of persons suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder have attempted suicide.
Causes of Dissociative Personality Disorder:
A study revealed that Trauma is the primary factor that is responsible for DID. More than 90% suffering from DID go through severe trauma. Trauma can include
- Severe physical, emotional, or sexual misuse
- Loss of parents in early time
- Any natural disasters like earthquakes air any others
- Sense of ignorance from others prevailing in inside of a person
Treatment of DID:
Currently, there is no medical-based treatment for DID. There is no specific cure for it. But research shows that by applying some psychotic therapies the situation of the subject patient can be made better. Long-term therapies and cooperation from the patient can help to improve the situation. Following therapies and treatment includes
This is a highly recommended therapy for most psychological disorders. It is also known as talk therapy. In this therapy, all the points are addressed which triggers the subject person. The purpose is to mesh the separate personality traits into one consolidated personality. Friends and family members are important in this context.
This is a form of therapy to increase concentration and focus. In this therapy, a trans-like situation is created to spur concentration. This is usually done with the help of repetition of the ideas and images as well. With the help of Hypnotherapy, the repressed memories can be recalled. This therapy is done to help the person cope with the trauma.
There is no established remedy for DID. Usually, this disorder appears with other psychological disorders like depression anxiety, etc. So usually psychologists treat it with the same medicine.