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What is Schizophrenia

by Amelia
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In modern times different diseases are coming across in human life. One of the worse of them is mental illness and depression. Psychology discusses different mental disorders. One of the well-known disorders is Schizophrenia. People suffering from schizophrenia may feel uncomfortable at schoolwork and other social places. They perceive the imagination as reality.

Most of the time people mix schizophrenia with a split personality disorder. It is a wrong concept. In schizophrenia, it involves a psychosis mental illness. Psychosis is a mental state where people are unable to differentiate between reality and imagination. For a psychotic person, the world looks like a mess. The psychotic person shows a very unusual attitude toward world affairs. It is important to discuss the early symptoms of Schizophrenia.

Early symptoms of Schizophrenia

Early symptoms of schizophrenia appear in the early 20s. Women and men are affected by this all. In schizophrenia, the male is more affected than women. The symptoms of schizophrenia can be divided into three categories.

Psychotic/Positive symptoms:

Psychosis is a state in psychology in which a person’s thoughts and perceptions are distorted in mysterious ways and he/she finds it difficult to distinguish between reality and imagination. Positive symptoms are abnormal behaviors that indicate a problem with thought and language. People who have positive symptoms may not seem like themselves. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech, and grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior.


Certain false beliefs are prevailing in our minds that do not exist in reality. For example, a woman thinks that a certain man is trying to harass her or any person is in love with her. The person is commenting on her, or a person might think that he has a distinct ability, etc.


Hallucination is a state of mind where the persona hears the voices or looks the things that do not exist in reality. For example, sitting in a group, he would feel a specific voice that another person will not be able to hear.

  • Auditory Hallucinations:

The most common type of hallucination experienced by people with schizophrenia is known as auditory hallucinations. These are sounds (usually voices) that a person hears that aren’t really there and often comment on or criticize their actions. Auditory hallucinations can be one-sided (only heard by one person) or two-sided (heard by both parties). Auditory hallucinations can also involve hearing other sounds, such as music, barking dogs, running water, or buzzing bees.

  • Non-Auditory Hallucinations:

Sometimes known as auditory hallucinations, non-auditory hallucinations can occur without any auditory stimulation at all. Someone with schizophrenia may see people who aren’t there, or they may sense things others cannot (i.e., a feeling that someone is standing behind them). These symptoms can be frightening and upsetting to those suffering from schizophrenia disorder but they are not harmful unless it causes extreme anxiety. To assist in early detection and treatment, patients should report these types of hallucinations right away.

Defective speech and disorganized behavior

Effective communication can be impaired in schizophrenia. In this state, the person’s behavior becomes very odd. It can vary from several ways like childish behavior to severe agitation. A person does not respond properly.

Cognitive symptom:

In schizophrenia, the cognitive proficiency of a person is affected negatively. A person loses concentration, focus, attention, and memory as well. The intensity of symptoms may vary from person to person. The following example can be quoted here to elaborate on the cognitive symptoms.

  • Difficulty in understanding the information and processing that information to make any decision
  • Difficulty in perceiving the information and focusing

Negative symptoms:

A person suffering from schizophrenia might feel a lack of normal functioning in life. These symptoms can lead to social isolation from family members, friends, and peers. These include a reduced range of emotional expression

            1.Loss of pleasure

A person might feel feeling less. A person will not enjoy the moment of life.  For example, if he is sitting in a group and people of that group are laughing and enjoying the person suffering from schizophrenia will unable to entertain himself from that activity.

            2.Loss of motivation

Schizophrenia will not find motivation in his life. Every new project or goal in his life will blow away and he will feel bazaars from that goal will feel difficulty in the beginning and sustaining the activities.

            3.No follow up in life

Usually, people with schizophrenia have no schedule in their life. What they start they cannot finish.


If you see any or several of these symptoms  in yourself or a loved one, get help from a professional. The earlier schizophrenia is detected and treated, the better chance your loved one has to lead a full life. For example, early treatment can often minimize initial psychotic episodes—sometimes preventing them completely. Even though it can be difficult at first to share concerns with a doctor, remember that it’s for your loved one’s health and well-being. There’s no need to feel embarrassed or ashamed; most people diagnosed with schizophrenia live normal lives when they receive appropriate treatment as soon as possible. You can also tell friends and family members about what you are seeing—and encourage them to express their own concerns if they notice anything out of place.

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